Young boy with hemophilia

The information provided is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. A licensed healthcare professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

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Hemophilia is a rare genetic blood clotting disorder that primarily affects males.

People living with hemophilia do not have enough of, or are missing, one of the blood clotting proteins, known as factors, naturally found in blood. The body depends on these clotting factors to stop bleeding after injury and to promote healing. Fortunately, a full and active life is possible with proper physician-directed treatment.

There are three types of hemophilia: A, B and C.

  • Hemophilia A (also called classical hemophilia), in which factor VIII is not present in sufficient amounts or is missing
  • Hemophilia B (also called Christmas disease), in which factor IX is not present in sufficient amounts or is missing
  • Hemophilia C, in which factor XI is not present in sufficient amounts or is missing2

People with hemophilia do not bleed more profusely or faster than others. Instead, they bleed for longer periods of time than someone without hemophilia after getting a cut or bleed internally. Internal bleeding is usually into joints and muscles, but can also occur in the brain or other organs.

While Hemophilia primarily affects men, the genetic condition is carried on the X chromosome. Women who have the gene are called carriers, and can therefore pass the gene on to their children. However, in as many as 30 percent of cases, there is no family history of the disorder.3 In these cases, the carrier may not be aware that she carries the gene for hemophilia, or a gene mutation may have occurred spontaneously.


While there currently is no cure for hemophilia, with proper treatment using factor replacement, people with hemophilia can enjoy a full and active life.

The hemophilia community considers factor replacement to be a safe and effective option. Factor replacement works by replacing the missing or nonfunctioning clotting protein. When clotting factor is administered after an injury, the body begins to use it immediately to form a clot. Factor replacement is not a cure for hemophilia, but is a temporary replacement used to treat symptoms of hemophilia.

Baxter’s range of hemophilia treatment options allow you to work with a physician to choose the appropriate therapy based on personal needs. You should discuss which factor replacement is best with your physician.


1. Frequently Asked Questions About Hemophilia. World Federation of Hemophilia. Accessed on: May 2011. Available at: http://www.wfh.org/2/1/1_1_1_FAQ.htm

2. Factor XI Deficiency. National Hemophilia Foundation. Available at: http://www.hemophilia.org/NHFWeb/MainPgs/MainNHF.aspx?menuid=189&contentid=54&rptname=bleeding

3. Hemophilia A. National Hemophilia Foundation. Available at: http://www.hemophilia.org/NHFWeb/MainPgs/MainNHF.aspx?menuid=180&contentid=45&rptname=bleeding

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